Aikido is known as the study of the cosmic law of Yin / Yang trough strategy and martial techniques.
Originary from Japan, today is a discipline practiced worldwide by people of all ages and conditions, therefore, it is said that … “if you can walk, you can do Aikido” …
Although the type of techniques used with and without weapons are common to other traditional disciplines, the uniqueness of Aikido is precisely that these techniques are used to transform rather than destroy. This singularity can be understood from the martial point of view, not repel an attack but to transform it into something to protect us, while we can also understand it as a form of inner transformation of individuals.
The Iai (the art of drawing the sword) was born the day a warrior discovered he could draw his sword (katana) and cut with a single gesture.
The Iai emerged at the beginning of the Edo period (1603-1868), when Japan experienced economic and political conditions of total autarky, and has been attributed to Hayashizaki Jinsuke (1560-1616).
This practice developed mental and spiritual learning, allowing Samurai to obtain and cultivate a spirit that may be useful in all circumstances. At this stage also reinforced the concepts of Bushido – the code of honor of the warriors – which recommends and highlights the contempt of death (or Seishi shoetsu).
Shinto Muso Ryu Jodo is a traditional Japanese martial school, founded by Muso Gonnosuke Katsuyoshi. In which the main weapon is a wooden stick, called Jo. This art consists in the practice of kata performed in pairs: one using the sword (Uchidachi) and the other using the jo (Shidachi).
The training is systematic and is designed to develop technical and mental skills. From the use of body movement and weapons handling and use of the pace, distance and proper cutting angles, as well as mental and spiritual training to be able to use the weapon in combat with chances of success.
The study begins with learning the 12 basic techniques (Kihon Waza) containing the essential movements of the system. From there, it progresses through the different levels at which the 64 katas are grouped.
Kenjutsu the style of fencing of the Samurai. Use various Japanese swords as katana, wakizashi and no-Daichi. Its origins date back to the V century, and was extremely popular among the warrior classes until the nineteenth century.
Kenjutsu is considered the classic martial art Bujutsu (martial art of war), being well formulated prior to the Meiji Reformation. (classical and modern dividing line). Classical kenjutsu schools (Ryu kenjutsu), tend to be extremely secretive about their techniques, being sealed to outsiders. The classical kenjutsu was the basis for the warrior training.
In practice is used a bokken or wooden sword, the student trains alone practicing katas or in pairs practicing fighting. Kenjutsu is a physical discipline, spiritual and mental practice is necessary for the balance between body and mind rather than physical strength and stamina. The most profound teaching of kenjutsu has a religious appearance, strong enough, under influences mainly from Shintoism, Confucianism and Zen Buddhism.
Several martial arts descend of kenjutsu or suffered influences from it, such as kendo, its modern version, which has a greater sport emphasis ,” iaido, or the art of drawing the sword and among modern martial arts or budo gendai, Aikido, which incorporates principles of training with the sword.